Items filtered by date: November 2015

swimming3The ‘Stay Strong, Stay Steady’ Manchester campaign set off in October to raise awareness in both the young and the old of actions that can prevent falls in the elderly. A third of people aged 65 and older are affected by falls, and they are the largest cause of accidental death for older people. Dr. Emma Stanmore from the University of Manchester shared, “With some simple methods such as helping more older people to undertake regular strength and balance exercises, safety checking their homes, or getting an eyesight and medication check, over a million falls could be prevented each year.”

Proper foot care is something many older adults forget to consider. For more information, consult with Dr. Melissa Cohen of New York. Our doctor will assist you with all of your podiatric concerns.

The Elderly and their Feet

As we age we start to notice many changes in our body, but the elder population may not notice them right away. Medical conditions may prevent the elderly to take notice of their foot health right away. Poor vision is a lead contributor to not taking action for the elderly.

Common Conditions

Neuropathy – can reduce feeling in the feet, and can hide many life threating medical conditions.

Reduced flexibility – prevents the ability of proper toenail trimming, and foot cleaning. If left untreated, it may lead to further medical issues.

Foot sores – amongst the older population can be serious before they are discovered. Some of the problematic conditions they may face are:

Gouging toenails affecting nearby toe

Shoes that don’t fit properly

Pressure sores

Loss of circulation in legs & feet

Edema & swelling of feet and ankles

Susceptible Infections

Diabetes and poor circulation can cause general loss of sensitivity over the years, turning a simple cut into a serious issue.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Cicero, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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fungal-toenail2New research will create greater understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms of peripheral neuropathy and hopefully lead to new treatments, Medical News Today reports. The new discovery involves the activity of the brain’s anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), thought to be the area often involved in pain processing. In peripheral neuropathy, the damaged nerve fibers have a heightened response to normal singers and send incorrect messages to pain centers in the brain. In diabetic neuropathy, one of the most common forms of peripheral neuropathy, pain often begins in the feet before moving up the legs.

Nerve disorders of the feet and ankles can become very cumbersome. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles contact Dr. Melissa Cohen of New York. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Nerve Disorders of the Foot and Ankle

There are two nerve disorders of the foot and ankle called Interdigital Neuroma and Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome. These conditions affect the hands as well, and are caused by stress and genetics. People who suffer from Interdigital Neuroma and Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome are prone to serious pain and inflammation in the area.

Pain that is associated with Interdigital Neuroma is often from local inflammation in the nerves in the front of the foot. Symptoms include pain, burning, and/or tingling sensations of the toes.

There are several steps a doctor will take to determine if one has Neuroma such as: radiographs, MRIs, and bone scans. Surgery is not required in many instances, and should only be considered when the patient is suffering from persistent pain.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome is a condition that is less common than Interdigital Neuroma. It only seems to affect patients who have severe ankle pain which begins in the bottom of the foot extending all the way to the calf. In other instances one may encounter partial numbness and atrophy if the cases are extreme.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Cicero, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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childrens-feet14A new school year means that children are likely to contract common illnesses. While some problems cannot be avoided, parents, teachers, and administrators can come together to teach children the basic ideals of hygiene to help prevent the spread of common health concerns. Since children contract diseases because they play so closely together, teaching the proper methods of cleanliness can help ensure a smoother school year.

Looking out for potential foot and ankle injuries as well as general health is vital in maintaining proper development in children’s feet. If you have any concerns contact Dr. Melissa Cohen of New York. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Keeping Children's Feet Healthy

Having healthy feet in childhood can help prevent medical problems later in life, namely in the back and legs. As children grow, their feet require different types of care from birth to school-age.

Although babies do not walk yet, it is still very important to take care of their feet.

  • Avoid putting tight shoes or socks on his or her feet
  • Allow the baby to stretch and kick his or her feet to feel comfortable

As a toddler, kids are now on the move and begin to develop differently. At this age toddlers are getting a feel for walking, so don’t be alarmed if your toddler is unsteady or ‘walks funny’. Be sure the child wears comfortable and protective shoes so that they can grow into their feet properly.

As your child gets older, it is important to teach them how to take care of their feet

  • Show them proper hygiene to prevent infections such as fungus
  • Be watchful of any pain or injury
  • Have all injuries checked by a doctor as soon as possible
  • Comfortable, protective shoes should always be worn, especially at play

Children of all ages are constantly developing and growing, and as a parent you want to make sure that nothing is hindering their maturation.

If you have any concerns feel free contact our office located in Cicero, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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Arthritis5A new virus transmitted by mosquitos inflicts its victims with symptoms extremely similar to rheumatoid arthritis. Because of this development, the virus known as Chikungunya may hold information on how to eliminate RA. "Studying Chikungunya arthritis can give us insight into the immunological mechanisms that drive joint inflammation," Miner said. "And maybe someday turn off the pain and inflammation millions of arthritis sufferers live with every day."

Arthritis can be a difficult condition to live with. If you are suffering from arthritic foot pain, contact Dr. Melissa Cohen of New York. Our podiatrist can treat your foot and ankle needs.

Arthritic Foot Care

Arthritis is a joint disorder that involves inflammation of different joints in your body, such as in your feet. Arthritis is often caused by a degenerative joint disease and causes mild to severe pain in all affected areas. On top of this, swelling and stiffness in the affected joints can also be a common symptom of arthritis.

In many cases, wearing ill-fitting shoes can worsen the effects and pain of arthritis. Wearing shoes that have a lower heel and extra room can help your feet feel more comfortable. In cases of rheumatoid arthritis, the arch in your foot may become problematic. Buying shoes with proper arch support that contour to your feet can help immensely.

Alleviating Arthritic Pain

  • Exercises that stretch the foot can prevent further pain and injury and increase mobility
  • Most of the pain can be alleviated with anti-inflammatory drugs, heat, and topical medications
  • Massages can help to temporarily alleviate pain.

It is best to see your doctor for the treatment that is right for your needs and symptoms. Conditions vary, and a podiatrist can help you determine the right method of care for your feet.

If you have any questions about arthritic foot care, please feel free to contact our office located in Cicero, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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fungal-toenail2Heel pain that is proven difficult to treat often tends to stem from the nerves; experts urge podiatrists, therefore, to listen thoroughly to their patients’ complaints and to have a “high index of suspicion” for neurogenic causes of pain after injury and plantar fasciitis, which are often undetected. Testing that involves gait analysis, radiographs, and diagnostic nerve blocks using lidocaine can also help podiatrists further assess their patients for neurologic problems.

Anyone can wind up suffering from heel pain. If your heel is hurting, see Dr. Melissa Cohen of New York. Our doctorwill treat your heel pain symptoms in addition to other podiatric-related needs.

Causes of Heel Pain

● Heel pain is often associated with plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a band of tissues that extends along the bottom of the foot. A rip or tear in this ligament can cause inflammation of the tissue.

● Achilles tendonitis is another cause of heel pain. Inflammation of the Achilles tendon will cause pain from fractures and muscle tearing. Lack of flexibility is also another symptom.

● Heel spurs are another cause of pain. When the tissues of the plantar fascia undergo a great deal of stress, it can lead to ligament separation from the heel bone, causing heel spurs.

Why Might Heel Pain Occur?

- Wearing ill-fitting shoes                  

- Wearing non-supportive shoes

- Weight change         

- Excessive running


Heel pain should be treated as soon as possible for immediate results. Keeping your feet in a stress free environment will help. If you suffer from Achilles tendonitis or plantar fasciitis, applying ice will reduce the swelling. Stretching before an exercise like running will help the muscles. Using all these tips will help make heel pain a thing of the past.

With the advancements in technology and greater knowledge of how muscles and joints work, physical therapists can turn things around dramatically.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office in Cicero, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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