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tranniersCurtis Penix of Kentucky wanted to follow in the pioneering footsteps of his ancestors and decided to hike 240 miles in the Appalachian Trail.Accordingly the trail is where the American dream began when axe men carved it out in 1775. Penix relived the journey starting in Tennessee and ending five days later in Kentucky.

On his first day he walked through approximately seven streams and rivers, which soon proved to be a mistake by the blisters on his feet. He stated, “I quickly found out that by getting your feet wet and then continuing to walk, you could get what the pioneers called ‘scaled feet.’” The blisters caused a slight change in the trail, choosing to walk over bridges than through streams of water.

Blisters on the feet can be huge nuisance and cause many complications if not treated correctly. If you have blisters on your feet contact Dr. Melissa Cohen of New York. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Blisters on the Feet
When tight or ill-fitting footwear is worn, many times a foot blister may develop. Blisters can even develop by constant rubbing from the shoe, often times leading to pain.

What is a Foot Blister?
A foot blister is a small pocket that is filled with fluid, forming on the upper most layer of the skin. Blisters are filled with clear fluid, and may lead to drainage of blood or pus if the area has become infected.

How do they Form?
Blisters of the feet are almost always the result of shoe rubbing and constant friction of the skin and material. Long periods of walking in shoes, sandals, or boots which don’t fit properly can result in a blister. Those who often have moisture or humidity in the feet are prone to blister formation easily.

Prevention & Treatment
Proper care is vital to alleviate pain and prevent infection to the affected area of the foot. The best treatment is to leave them alone. New skin will develop under the blister and during the healing stages, your blister will pop.

  • Do not lance the blister , which can lead to infection
  • Place a band-aid over the blister to provide pain relief
  • Seek a doctor if you see blood or pus in a blister
  • Keep your feet dry, and wear proper fitting shoes  

If you have any questions contact our office located in Cicero, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Aamkleprobfter surgery and physical therapy at Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital, six-year-old Hadi Abukhadra can now walk for the first time. Hadi was walking within two weeks of cast removal thanks to foot therapy with Lucile Packard physical therapy clinical specialist Richard Gee. The six-year-old had to endure a lot of pain, casts, and surgeries to finally arrive at his current stage in recovery.

Hadi was born with arthrogryposis, which causes “stuck joints” and other orthopedic deformities. His knees bent the wrong way and his feet were originally facing upside down. “To understand what Hadi’s feet looked like before, and what he does now, is almost night and day,” Gee said. “He basically had to relearn how to stand and how to balance. Even just the standing process of getting his body over his feet is a new process for him.”

Foot therapy is necessary for those recovering from both foot deformities and foot injuries. If you have concerns regarding therapy, speak to Dr. Melissa Cohen of New York. Our doctor can answer any of your podiatric questions.

Most common injuries
People who are constantly on their feet are prone to a variety of injuries. Therefore, it is important to take part in physical therapy in order to get back on the right track quickly.


What to do when injured
Physical Therapy – This specialized treatment will focus on the affected area, speeding up recovery and the overall healing process. This is important for those wanting to get back into the game quickly. It is a proven method that has helped millions of people return from any injury.

During physical therapy you will undergo regimented training to get back into full form. Training is often very difficult, especially at first when the foot feels weak. These are some steps physical therapy often involves:

  1. Basic stretching & twisting exercises – getting the feet’s mobility and flexibility up.
  2. Massaging – the therapist will massage the injured area in order to activate the muscles and relax them.
  3. Strengthening Exercises – this allows the muscles in the affected area to regain their full strength, a vital step towards full recovery.

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Cicero, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Foot Therapy

hammertoes2Basanta Kumar Singha Roy is planning to scale the Neelkanth peak of the Garhwal Himalayas sometime this August. This will be his first time mountain climbing again after a failed expedition to the top of Dhaulagiri last year, which ended in disaster when his oxygen canister sprung a leak. While his friend rushed to their camp to get help, Roy was left alone on the mountain in freezing conditions. After he finally got to the hospital doctors had to amputate several of his toes, including a hammertoe on his right foot.

Fortunately Roy wasn’t too daunted by his loss. He has been making preparations for his trip to the Himlayas since the Dhaulagiri incident, and now he’s ready to stage his triumphant return to mountaineering. “Making a comeback was not that tough, because mountaineering has been a passion all my life and I owe it to my family because of their full support,” he said.

Hammertoes can be debilitating, but Roy’s case shows that it’s possible to make a full recovery from them. If you find yourself with this foot deformity, visit Dr. Melissa Cohen of New York. Our doctor can determine whether your condition is in fact a hammertoe and do everything in her power to treat you.

Hammertoe
Hammertoe is little-known a painful condition that affects the second, third and fourth toes involving different joints of the toe and foot. Hammertoe can be caused by many other conditions such as RA (rheumatoid arthritis), osteoarthritis, trauma or injuries to your foot, it can be hereditary and it can also be caused by a cerebral vascular accident. If you wear shoes that are too narrow or short for your feet, it may exacerbate any pain you already have.

It is really important to your overall well-being to seek out medical attention at the first signs of foot pain or anything that may hinder your ability to walk in a normal manner. Taking care of your feet is one of the first steps to being able to live a full and healthy life.

If you have any questions, please contact our office in Cicero, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Hammertoes

anklesprainThe Netherlands based Delft University of Technology and the Erasmus Medical Centre has developed a new 3D printed ankle device that will reportedly prevent ankle sprains. The EXO-L (short for External Ankle Ligament) is a patented, 3D printed external ligament that replicates the natural motion and anatomy of the ankle to keep it from twisting. The EXO-L seeks to support the ankle when there is a possibility it may be sprained while simultaneously providing freedom of movement. The device is positioned just above the ankle, over the Achilles tendon, and is kept in place by strapping into a special patch on the outside of the shoe. The EXO-L remains inactivated for as long as the ankle’s ligaments remain within the normal range for the sport or activity being played.  
Sometimes the opinion of a healthcare professional is required to ensure a sprained ankle is properly healed. If your ankle is sprained, consult with Dr. Melissa Cohen of New York. Our doctor will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs and answer all of your related questions.

How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?
Ankle sprains take place when the ligaments in your ankle are torn or stretched beyond their limits. There are multiple ways that the ankle can become injured, including twisting or rolling over onto your ankle, putting undue stress on it, or causing trauma to the ankle itself.

What are the Symptoms?
·                      Mild to moderate bruising
·                      Limited mobility
·                      Swelling
·                      Discoloration of the skin (depending on severity)

Preventing a Sprain

·                      Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
·                      Stretching before exercises and sports
·                      Knowing your limits can aid in prevention

Treatment of a Sprain
Treatment of a sprain depends on the severity.  Many times, people are told to rest and remain off their feet completely, while others are given an air cast. If the sprain is very severe, surgery may be required.
If you have suffered an ankle sprain previously, you may want to consider additional support such as a brace and regular exercises to strengthen the ankle.. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office, located in Cicero, NY. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.

Read more about Ankle Sprains

bunionIt is often believed that bunions and other various foot ailments occur because of ill fitting or unsupportive shoes such as high heels. However, information gathered by the Framingham Foot Study, led by Dr. Marian Hannan, suggests that certain foot problems are more likely to occur due to genetics in Caucasian men and in women of European descent. The study included 1,370 participants with an average age of 66 years and nearly 57% females involved. From 2002 and 2008, foot exams were conducted to verify foot deformities, hallux valgus, plantar soft tissue atrophy, and genetic analyses were estimated. The results concluded that bunions and other toe deformities were found to be highly hereditary while plantar soft tissue atrophy did not produce significant numbers. “These new findings highlight the importance of furthering our understanding of what causes greater susceptibility to these foot conditions, as knowing more about the pathway may ultimately lead to early prevention or early treatment,” stated Dr. Hannan.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, consider treatment as soon as possible to avoid extended discomfort. For more information about bunion treatments, consult with Dr. Melissa Cohen of New York. Our doctor will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

What is a Bunion?

A bunion is an enlargement of the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The enlargement is formed of swollen tissue or boney growth. This swelling is caused by a shifting of the bones in the big toe inward, impacting the other toes of the foot. The area around the base of the big toe may become inflamed, red, and/or painful.

Formation

Genetics – people who are susceptible to bunions are often genetically predisposed.

Stress on the feet – wearing improperly fitting shoes or running and walking with improper form may cause stress on the feet. Wearing high heeled shoes puts the weight from the body onto the toes, causing further stress and bone displacement.

Diagnosis

A podiatrist who specializes in foot structure and bio-mechanics will be able to diagnose bunions.

Blood Tests - testing the blood for gout or arthritic conditions can help identify the causes.

Radiological Exam – a podiatrist will request an exam to identify the bunion by taking a look at the bone structure. If the x-ray shows an enlargement of the joint near the base of the toe, this usually indicates a bunion.

For more information about Bunions, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Cicero, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Bunions
Broken foot Earlier this year Justin Bieber broke his foot while playing soccer with staff and guests at the Parrot Cay private island and resort in Turks and Caicos. Many game viewers took to social media to show fans how well he was playing when the unfortunate occurred. Bieber also posted his own photos to Instagram and Twitter to show the bruised side of his left foot where the injury was sustained. Bieber was quickly sidelined where he was treated by a professional at the resort. Although injured and on crutches, the 20 year-old artists was still dedicated enough to stop and take photos with a few excited fans.

A broken foot requires immediate attention and treatment. If you suspect you have broken your foot, see Dr. Melissa Cohen of New York. Our doctor will examine your injury and provide you with quality treatment.

Identifying and Dealing with a Broken Foot

When bones in the foot are bent, stretched, or crushed in an unnatural way, they can sometimes break or fracture. Doctors can often determine how the break occurred based on its severity and location.

There are many common symptoms of a broken foot to look out for. Those who experience significant trauma to the feet should check for:

  • Bruising

  • Pain

  • Redness

  • Swelling

  • Blue (foot)

  • Numbness

  • Cold

  • Misshapen

  • Cuts

  • Deformities


If one or more of these symptoms persist, one should have x-rays taken by a medical professional. Cold or numb feet, blueness of the skin, cuts, and deformities can be indications of a foot that is very badly broken. It’s advised to see a doctor right away if these conditions are observed.

Care for a broken foot depends on the type and severity of the injury. Often times aids likes crutches, casts, and splints will be administered. Surgery is also a possibility, although this is reserved for very bad cases. One can also apply ice and keep the foot elevated to reduce swelling. Rest is important during the recovery stage so that the break doesn’t become any more aggravated.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Cicero, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Broken Feet
ObesityAccording to the World Health Organization, as obesity increases in young adults and children, so do foot and ankle problems. These issues are more likely to occur because there is too much pressure being put on the lower extremities. Obese children are less likely to participate in physical activities due to the problems that may occur in the foot structure and often time, obese individuals end up with flat feet due to the pressure. Childhood obesity may have a negative effect on the feet over a period of time and may result in permanent issues with foot function. For children and young adults to reduce the chance of permanent foot problems, it is important to establish the proper amount of diet and exercise. For some, additional coaching may be necessary to overcome the challenges of obesity.

Obesity has become very problematic at this point in time and can have extremely negative effects on the feet if not taken care of properly. If you’re an obese individual and you’re concerned about your feet, talk to Dr. Melissa Cohen of New York. Dr. Cohen can determine if your weight has caused you to develop any complications in your lower extremities and get you the care that you need.

Obesity and your Feet

Since your feet are what support your entire weight when standing, any additional weight can result in pain and swelling. Being overweight is one of the main contributors to foot complications.

Problems & Complications

Extra Weight – Even putting on just a few extra pounds could create serious complications for your feet. As your weight increases, your balance and body will shift, creating new stresses on your feet. This uneven weight distribution can cause pain, even while doing the simplest tasks, such as walking.

Diabetes – People who are overweight are at serious risk of developing type-2 diabetes, which has a drastic impact on the health of your feet. As you get older, your diabetes might worsen, which could lead to loss of feeling in your feet, sores, and bruises. You could also become more prone to various infections.

Plantar fasciitis – Pressure and stress that is placed on muscles, joints, and tendons can trigger plantar fasciitis, which is an inflammation of tissue that forms along the bottom of the foot. 

For more information about Obesity and Your Feet, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, feel free to contact our office located in Cicero, NY. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technologies to meet all your needs.

Read more about Obesity and Your Feet
Flip-flopsAlthough flip-flops and sandals are typically worn less throughout the colder months, college students that shower in a communal space should keep wearing the sandals year round. Since public grooming areas are already naturally moist, they are common areas for biofilms, slimy areas where microorganisms stick together, to grow. Professor Philip Tierno of New York University’s School of Medicine even mentions that it will take more than soap and water to eliminate the hazards caused by biofilms. In order to reduce the chance of any infections that might occur when coming in contact with these biofilms, college students must make the choice to wear flip-flops anywhere near the shower. Tierno states, “People don’t think they have a contusion or lesion or crack in their skin, but many people have dried skin and they do have the ability for an organism to gain access to the foot and spread elsewhere in the body.”

Although flip-flops can cause a lot of foot problems if worn too often and in the incorrect conditions, they can help you to avoid infection in certain areas. If you have any questions concerning infections on the feet, consult with Dr. Melissa Cohen of New York. Dr. Cohen will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Flip-Flops and Feet

When the weather starts warming up, people enjoy wearing flip-flops.  Flip-flops are comfortable, stylish, and easy to slip on and off, perfect for any summer beach goer.  However, these shoes can cause harm to the feet.

How Can Flip-Flops Affect Me Long-Term?

  • Ankle problems

  • Hip problems

  • Lower back problems

  • Pain in the balls of the feet

  • Problems with foot arches

  • Changes in the way you walk


Are there injuries associated with flip-flops?

Yes.  Since flip-flops are relatively weak and do not provide the same amount of support as sneakers, people who wear flip-flops are more susceptible to injuries. On top of that, the open nature of the shoe makes your feet more prone to other problems, such as cuts and even infections.  Common injuries and ailments include:

  • Sprained ankles

  • Blisters

  • Infections

  • Cuts and Scrapes


I like wearing flip-flops, are there safe alternatives?

When buying flip-flops, try to find ones that have sturdy soles and are made of high quality materials that will support for your feet.  These flip-flops will cost more, but will also last longer as a result.

For more information about Flip Flops, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Cicero, NY. We offer all the newest in diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle conditions.

Read more about Flip Flops and Your Feet
CornsMany individuals believe that nature is sufficient in curing nearly anything. According to writers at the Outdoor Life, those suffering from corns on the feet can treat the thickened skin in natural ways. On one instance, those with corns can submerge their feet in a will tree bark and water solution for thirty minutes to soften the skin in the area.

Acorns can be especially helpful in removing ingrown toenails. Grind the acorns up, soak them in water, and then dunk your feet in for a surprisingly effective treatment. For blisters or lesions, apply crushed plantains or yarrow to the afflicted area and cover the wound with a bandage.

Although nature has many surprising aids and tips, it cannot resolve everything. If you have a corn or any other podiatric concern, contact one of our podiatrists of Michigan Foot and Ankle. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Corns: What are they? And how do you get rid of them?

Corns can be described as areas of the skin that have thickened to the point of becoming painful or irritating. They are often layers and layers of the skin that have become dry and rough, and are normally smaller than calluses.

Ways to Prevent Corns

There are many ways to get rid of painful corns such as wearing:
- Well-fitting socks
- Comfortable shoes that are not tight around your foot
- Shoes that offer support

Treating Corns

Treating corns involves removing the dead skin that has built up in the specific area of the foot. Salicylic acid can help in getting rid of these corns because it dissolves keratin, which is the protein that makes up a good majority of corns. Podiatrists recommend that people with diabetes not use salicylic acid but should consult with their podiatrist regarding the treatment of corns.

For more information about Corns on the Feet, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Michigan. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs

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choosing the right running shoeLindsay Crouse of the New York Times believes that heavily padded bulky sneakers will be the next big thing when it comes to running calling the new trend “maximalist running shoes.” Although they look very similar to the gimmicky walking shoes from a few years ago, Olympic medalist Leo Manzano made the switch and believes the shoes had removed his plantar fasciitis after only a week. Beginning 2010, barefoot running was the new trend in physical activity since major runners believed this would reduce injury and general pain. Unfortunately barefoot runners are finding that their injuries are not going away with the activity causing a change in the number of minimalist runners to maximalists. Runners should not count on this new trend to immediately heal their pain since there is no real proof as of yet that the overly cushioned running shoes will make any real difference. “I don’t know that they are going to be the solution,” Crouse states, but she has a feeling runners will still try.

Although there are many different types of running shoes available, you should choose the right running shoe for your foot. For more information about getting the correct shoe for your foot type consult with podiatrist Dr. Melissa Cohen of New York. Our doctor can measure your feet to determine what your needs are and help you find an appropriate pair of footwear.

Choosing the Right Running Shoe for Your Foot Type

Although it seems simple, running is in fact a complex movement that places stress on the joints, bones, and ligaments of the body. To increase performance and avoid the risk of injury, it is important to choose the right running shoe based on your foot type. The general design of running shoes is centered around pronation, which is the rolling of the ankle from outside to inside when the foot strikes the ground.

  • Neutral runners are able to choose from a wide variety of shoes, including minimalist shoes or even go barefoot

  • Runners who overpronate, or experience an over-abundance of ankle rolling, should choose shoes that provide extra motion control and stability

  • Runners who underpronate, or supinate, have feet that have high arches and lack flexibility, preventing shock absorption. Runners who supinate require shoes with more flexibility and cushion


To learn about your foot type, visit a local shop that specializes in running shoes. Professionals will be able to measure your stride, gait, and arch type and inform you of your footwear needs, which come in handy for future reference.

If you have any questions feel free to contact our office located in Cicero, NY. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.

Read more about Choosing the Right Running Shoes
Friday, 16 January 2015 00:00

UK Woman Confuses Plantar Warts for Corns

Kelly Bradford found several lumps in her heels and first believed them to be corns due to their rough texture. The growths did not seem to be going away with the help of salicylic acid and were much more painful than corns usually are. When the growths became so painful that Bradford could not place her heels on the ground, she decided to contact her doctor.

Bradford’s physician concluded that she did not have corns and had contracted plantar warts.  The pain she was more agonizing than anything she has experienced because the warts were pinching the nerves of her feet. With the help of some over-the-counter medication and cryotherapy, the warts in Bradford’s heels soon disappeared.

Plantar warts can be painful and can worsen if not treated properly. If you would like to be treated for plantar warts, consult with Dr. Melissa Cohen of New York. Dr. Cohen will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs and provide you with quality treatment.

About Plantar Warts
Plantar warts are found on the feet. These warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) getting into open wounds on the feet. You can recognize plantar warts by a hard bump on the foot. They are usually found on the heels or balls of the feet. Plantar warts are usually not a sign of anything dangerous but do not ignore them if they do cause pain or embarrassment.

If you do have a plantar wart, you may notice some pain when standing but since these warts are not cancerous or dangerous, a podiatrist only needs to be seen if there is excess pain. Although plantar warts don’t often call for treatment, there are options available. They can be frozen off, removed by an electric tool or burned off using laser treatment.

Home remedies are also available to help with plantar warts. An apple cider vinegar soak can help remove the wart. You can soak your feet in the vinegar for 20 minutes before using a pumice stone to remove any loose skin from the wart.

For more information about Plantar Warts, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Cicero, NY. We offer all the latest in diagnostic and treatment technologies to meet your needs.

Read more about Plantar Warts

Thursday, 08 January 2015 00:00

Tips to Manage and Prevent Heel Pain

 According to podiatrist Christian Ellul, heel pain is one of the most regularly diagnosed foot problems in women. One of the most common forms of heel pain is plantar fasciitis, inflammation of the band of tissue in the sole that extends to the heels. Although plantar fasciitis can be treated with anti-inflammatories, cortisone injections, footwear is also a major issue. Extremely high heels as well as unsupportive footwear such as flip-flops and flats can make heel pain and other related conditions even worse. Podiatrists may recommend wearing arch supportive footwear, stretching exercises, orthotic devices, and other corrective foot aids to aid patients in managing their everyday heel pain.
Anyone can wind up suffering from heel pain. If your heel is hurting, see Dr. Melissa Cohen of New York. Dr. Cohen will treat your heel pain symptoms in addition to other podiatric-related needs.

Causes of Heel Pain

● Heel pain is often associated with plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a band of tissues that extends along the bottom of the foot. A rip or tear in this ligament can cause inflammation of the tissue.

● Achilles tendonitis is another cause of heel pain. Inflammation of the Achilles tendon will cause pain from fractures and muscle tearing. Lack of flexibility is also another symptom.

● Heel spurs are another cause of pain. When the tissues of the plantar fascia undergo a great deal of stress, it can lead to ligament separation from the heel bone, causing heel spurs.

Why Might Heel Pain Occur?

- Wearing ill-fitting shoes                  
- Wearing non-supportive shoes
- Weight change           
- Excessive running

Treatments

Heel pain should be treated as soon as possible for immediate results. Keeping your feet in a stress free environment will help. If you suffer from Achilles tendonitis or plantar fasciitis, applying ice will reduce the swelling. Stretching before an exercise like running will help the muscles. Using all these tips will help make heel pain a thing of the past.

With the advancements in technology and greater knowledge of how muscles and joints work, physical therapists can turn things around dramatically.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Cicero, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Heel Pain 

footAspiring gymnast Rachel Gowey broke her right ankle after a fall while practicing her beam dismount. The sixteen-year-old was training for the upcoming U.S. Gymnastics Championships when she took the fall and received the broken ankle, joining another prior unrelated ankle injury. Gowey is only participating in two events at the championships as is; with her broken ankle, however, the athlete’s participation in the entire competition may now be in jeopardy.

Gowey trains at the gymnasium where Olympic champions Gabby Douglas and Shawn Johnson once trained, under the wing of Coach Liang Chow. Gowey had placed fifth at the international Cup of Jesolo and fourth at the U.S. Classic this year.

To ensure that a broken ankle completely heals, treatment should be sought right away. For assistance, see Dr. Melissa Cohen of New York. Dr. Cohen will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

Broken Ankles

The ankle consists of three bones- the tibia, the fibula, and the talus. The tibia and the fibula are the two bones that connect to your knees. They sit directly above the talus bone, which is protected by a fibrous membrane and allows slight movement in the ankle joint. A break usually occurs in one of these bones after the foot is twisted too far, a strong impact like jumping from a great height, or repeated stresses like running.

Diagnosis
If you suffer an ankle injury, it is essential that you receive a correct diagnosis. One of the first signs that the ankle is broken is an inability to put any weight on it. There will often be severe bruising and swelling at the sight of the injury. Your doctor may also order an x-ray be taken to determine the exact location and extent of the injury.

Treatment
Without proper care, a broken ankle may not heal properly and could cause arthritis and instability later in life. Therefore, seeking proper treatment is essential to making a full recovery.
There a number of steps you can take to accelerate the healing process however. Elevating your feet above your head and icing the ankle can reduce pain and swelling.

For more information about Broken Ankles, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Cicero, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot ankle injuries.

Read more about Broken Ankles

According to research from medical student Vanessa Mercieca, athletes with high arches or flat feet are more prone to the injuries caused by athletic demands imposed on the feet. Those with abnormal biomechanics of the feet should be extra careful since they are more apt to develop problems such as plantar fasciitis, ankle sprains, and neuromas. In order to avoid foot injuries, athletes should seek medical attention as soon as they feel pain, wear proper fitting shoes, and choose shoes with the correct amount of arch support. Custom orthotics can also help avoid putting too much stress on the foot or over pronation of the foot that results in the aforementioned injuries.  

The biomechanics are the moving parts that manage the movement of your feet. If you would like more information, see Dr. Melissa Cohen of New York. Dr. Cohen can assess and provide in-depth information as well as measure your personal foot biomechanics.   

A History of Biomechanics

- Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
- In 1974 biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination to the area.

Modern technology improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes providing a better understanding of podiatry concepts for biomechanics. Computers provide accurate determinations about the forces, moments and patterns of the foot and lower legs with the most important information captured.


Advances in materials and more awareness of biomechanics have developed enhanced corrective methods, offering further options for foot-related injuries. Understanding foot biomechanics can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions feel free to contact our office located in Cicero, NY. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.

Read more about Biomechanics of Podiatry.  

According to a new study, adults over the age of 65 who were fitted for new extra-depth shoes experienced reduced pain and improved function. While extra-depth footwear is often marketed for people with diabetic foot conditions, lead author Hylton B. Menz stated that the structure and function of the foot changes greatly with age regardless of diabetic status. “With advancing age, there is a general tendency for the foot to exhibit increased soft tissue stiffness, decreased range of motion, decreased strength, and a more pronated posture,” said Menz. Many of the elderly also do not wear proper fitting shoes that accommodate to the changed shape of the feet. Those in the study wearing extra-depth footwear were more likely to report their foot pain had moderately or markedly improved and developed fewer podiatric skin conditions than the comparison group.
Maintaining proper foot care is essential for the older adult. For more information about foot care for the elderly, consult with Dr. Melissa Cohen of New York. Dr. Cohen will assist you with all of your foot and ankle concerns and provide you with quality treatment.


The Elderly and their Feet
As we age we start to notice many changes in our body, but the elder population may not notice them right away.  Medical conditions may prevent the elderly to take notice of their foot health right away. Poor vision is a lead contributor to not taking action for the elderly. 


Common Conditions 
Neuropathy – can reduce feeling in the feet, and can hide many life threating medical conditions.
Reduced flexibility – prevents the ability of proper toenail trimming, and foot cleaning. If left untreated, it may lead to further medical issues.
Foot sores – amongst the older population can be serious before they are discovered. Some of the problematic conditions they may face are:
Gouging toenails affecting nearby toe
Shoes that don’t fit properly
Pressure sores
Loss of circulation in legs & feet
Edema & swelling of feet and ankles 


Susceptible Infections
Diabetes and poor circulation can cause general loss of sensitivity over the years, turning a simple cut into a serious issue. 


For more information about Elderly and Feet, follow the link below.


If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Cicero, NY. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.


Read more about Elderly and Feet

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